Applied Rheology: Publications
Yogesh M. Joshi
Studies on Wall-Slip in Entangled Polymeric Liquids

Appl. Rheol. 11:5 (2001) 277-280

Abstract: In this work, it is attempted to theoretically understand the phenomenon of wall slip through empirical and molecular models. Initially, we use the framework a transient network theory. We show that the severe disentanglement in the interfacial region can give rise to non-monotonic flow curve locally in that region. Further, we generalize this model into a unified slip model, which predicts wall slip by either disentanglement or by debonding mechanism, depending upon the adhesive energy of the wall-polymer pair. The model predictions of the critical wall shear stress are in good agreement with experiments for various adhesive energies of the wall-polymer pair. The model predicts that the temperature dependence of the critical wall shear stress for debonding is different than that of disentanglement mechanism under certain experimental conditions. To validate the predictions of unified model, we measure the critical stress for sudden slip due to debonding for various temperatures using cone and plate viscometer with fluoroelastomer-coated cone. The temperature dependence of the critical stress for instability (slip) on a coated cone is found out to be inversely dependent on temperature, which expected for the case of debonding. In the final part of this thesis, we develop a parameter-free tube model for predicting the stick-slip phenomenon. The model, which is based on the contour variable model [Mead et al., 1998, Macromolecules, 31, 7895], considers the dynamics of the tethered chains, which are grafted on a highenergy wall and which are entangled with the bulk chains flowing past them. We show that the restricted relaxation modes of the tethered molecule give rise to discontinuous slip instability. More specifically, the slow relaxation of the tethered chain due to the restricted convective constraint release is unable to randomize its flow-induced orientation above a critical shear rate or stress. This decreases the resistance to flow for the bulk chains, which suddenly slip past the oriented tethered chains. © 2001 Applied Rheology.

DOI 10.3933/ApplRheol-11-277

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