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Nsenda Ngenda Tshilumbu, Irina Masalova
Effect of nanoparticle hydrophobicity on the rheology of highly concentrated emulsions

Appl. Rheol. 23:6 (2013) 62835 (11 pages)

A series of fumed silica nanoparticles were used as an additional emulsifier for highly concentrated (HC) water-in-oil (W/O) emulsions. These nanoparticles, with different hydrophobicity index (HI) in the 0.60 - 1.34 and HI > 3 range, were mixed with the conventional low molecular weight surfactant, sorbitan monooleate (SMO), in the oil phase prior to the emulsification process. The rheological properties of these emulsions were measured and compared with the properties of emulsions stabilized with SMO alone. In the mixed emulsifier system, the changes in rheological parameters were clearly expressed as a function of HI. The mixture of silica nanoparticles and SMO significantly increases the yield stress and plateau modulus of fresh emulsion, compared to the SMO only system. The effect was found to be more pronounced with a decrease in the HI. This is probably related to the reduction in micelle content with the decrease in HI, owing to a concomitant increase in the amount of SMO adsorbed onto the particle surface. Then, interestingly, the Foudazi-Masalova model recently developed for surfactant-stabilized highly concentrated emulsions (HCE) was found to describe successfully the rheological behavior of emulsions in the presence of a mixture of surfactant and fumed nanosilica.

Cite this publication as follows:
Tshilumbu NN, Masalova I: Effect of nanoparticle hydrophobicity on the rheology of highly concentrated emulsions, Appl. Rheol. 23 (2013) 62835.

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