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Rushita Shah, Nabanita Saha, Takeshi Kitano, Petr Saha
Influence of strain on dynamic viscoelastic properties of swelled (H2O) and biomineralized (CaCO3) PVP-CMC hydrogels

Appl. Rheol. 25:3 (2015) 33979 (10 pages)

This paper reports the rheological behavior of swelled and mineralized hydrogel prepared using polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) hydrogel as base polymer. Herein, the bio-mineral calcium carbonate (CaCO3) was incorporated into the hydrogel using simple liquid diffusion method. The morphology of the swelled and mineralized hydrogel was analyzed through scanning electron microscopy. Further, the normalized time of absorptivity was identified from the time dependent absorptivity behavior of calcite and water filled PVP-CMC hydrogel. The effect of the biomineral (CaCO3) and water on the dynamic viscoelastic properties, after penetrating inside the hydrogel matrix has been evaluated. The frequency sweep at 1 and 10 % strain and also strain sweep measurement were performed to determine the frequency and strain dependent viscoelastic moduli G' and G'' of both swelled and mineralized hydrogel. At higher strain the both moduli showed significant change over wide range of angular frequency region and the nature of mineralized polymer composites (MPC) turned from elastic to viscous. Based on the observed basic properties, MPC (calcite based polymer composites) can be recommended for the treatment of adyanamic bone disorder and water swelled hydrogel can be acclaimed as a scaffold for burned wound dressing.

Cite this publication as follows:
Shah R, Saha N, Kitano T, Saha P: Influence of strain on dynamic viscoelastic properties of swelled (H2O) and biomineralized (CaCO3) PVP-CMC hydrogels, Appl. Rheol. 25 (2015) 33979.

Miroslav Mrlik, Vladimir Pavlinek, Petr Saha, Otakar Quadrat
Electrorheological properties of suspensions of polypyrrole coated titanate nanorods

Appl. Rheol. 21:5 (2011) 52365 (7 pages)

The behaviour of silicone-oil suspensions of titanate nanorods coated with polypyrrole base in electric field has been investigated. Unlike suspension of globular particles of neat polypyrrole, rod-like particles show a stronger electrorheological (ER) effect corresponding to high rigidity of the structure. A great influence of the oil viscosity on the ER efficiency was observed. A good reproducibility of the effect and a fast response to the switching-on and -off the electric field has been confirmed by monitoring the time course of shear stress under controlled shear rate.

Cite this publication as follows:
Mrlik M, Pavlinek V, Saha P, Quadrat O: Electrorheological properties of suspensions of polypyrrole coated titanate nanorods, Appl. Rheol. 21 (2011) 52365.

Martin Stenicka, Vladimir Pavlinek, Petr Saha, Natalia V Blinova, Jaroslav Stejskal, Otakar Quadrat
Electrorheology of suspensions of variously protonated polyaniline particles under steady and oscillatory shear

Appl. Rheol. 20:5 (2010) 55371 (7 pages)


Electrorheological (ER) and dielectric properties of silicone-oil suspensions of polyaniline (PANI) particles protonated with phosphoric and tetrafluoroboric acids to various doping level have been investigated. The particle conductivity was thus varied between the order of 10-9 S/cm and 10-4 S/cm. The dynamic yield stresses obtained at controlled shear rate mode viscometry, the storage moduli from the oscillatory shear experiments and the dielectric relaxation times from frequency dependences of dielectric constant and loss factor were used as criteria of rigidity or elasticity of ER structures and particle mobility in the electric field. The conductivity of suspension particles plays a decisive role in their ER behaviour. The ER efficiency increased as conductivity of dispersed particles raised, irrespective of the type of employed acid used for the protonation of PANI.

Cite this publication as follows:
Stenicka M, Pavlinek V, Saha P, Blinova NV, Stejskal J, Quadrat O: Electrorheology of suspensions of variously protonated polyaniline particles under steady and oscillatory shear, Appl. Rheol. 20 (2010) 55371.

V. Pavlinek, P. Saha, K. Perez-Gonzalez, L. de Vargas, J. Stejskal, O. Quadrat
Analysis of the Yielding Behavior of Electrorheological Suspensions by Controlled Shear Stress Experiments

Appl. Rheol. 16:1 (2006) 14-18

The yielding behavior of two model electrorheological suspensions of uncoated silica particles and silica coated with polyaniline base in silicone oil using controlled shear rate and controlled shear stress experiments has been analyzed. The results demonstrate that unlike the uncertain dynamic yield stress values estimated from the results obtained in the former mode by extrapolation of the unsteady shear stresses to zero shear rate, the controlled shear stress measurement permits to detect sensitively the region starting from the initial rupture of particle chain structure in the electric field at rest corresponding to a static yield stress and ending in total breakage of suspension structure at a breaking stress. The latter quantity can be detected with a good accuracy and proved to be a reliable criterion of the stiffness of electrorheological (ER) structure.

Cite this publication as follows:
Pavlinek V, Saha P, Perez-Gonzalez J, DeVargas L, Stejskal J, Quadrat O: Analysis of the Yielding Behavior of Electrorheological Suspensions by Controlled Shear Stress Experiments, Appl. Rheol. 16 (2006) 14.

Tomas Honek, Berenika Hausnerova, Petr Saha
Temperature dependent flow properties of powder injection moulding compounds

Appl. Rheol. 12:2 (2002) 72-80

The temperature dependent flow properties of highly filled polymer compounds intended for production of hard-metal parts by powder injection moulding (PIM) technology were studied. The pure binder based on polyethylene, ethylene and butyl acrylate block copolymer and paraffin, and its compounds with hard-metal carbide powder (up to 55 vol. %) were prepared by melt mixing at 180.C. The flow properties were investigated at the temperature range from 140.C to 200.C using capillary rheometer operating flow at a constant piston speed. The measure of temperature sensitivity of PIM compounds, activation energy of shear flow, decreases with powder loading and shear rate. The Arrhenius relation for these materials is only valid in the stable flow region. At the temperatures above 170.C the compounds filled with 45 vol. % carbide powder and higher exhibit an unstable flow of pressure oscillations type at the shear rates above 103 s-1. The onset of pressure oscillations is strongly affected by temperature. The relation between critical shear stress for the onset of pressure oscillations and temperature is non-linear.

Cite this publication as follows:
Honek T, Hausnerova B, Saha P: Temperature dependent flow properties of powder injection moulding compounds, Appl. Rheol. 12 (2002) 72.

V. Pavlinek, P. Saha, T. Kitano, T. Tanegashima
Influence of the Electric Field on the Electrorheological Behaviour of Cellulose Suspensions in Silicone Oils

Appl. Rheol. 9:2 (1999) 64-68

Cite this publication as follows:
Pavlinek V, Saha P, Kitano T, Tanegashima T: Influence of the Electric Field on the Electrorheological Behaviour of Cellulose Suspensions in Silicone Oils, Appl. Rheol. 9 (1999) 64.


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