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Author index ►Tomas Honek, Berenika Hausnerova, Petr Saha
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Temperature dependent flow properties of powder injection moulding compounds
Appl. Rheol. 12:2 (2002) 72-80 ►
The temperature dependent flow properties of highly filled polymer compounds intended for production of hard-metal parts by powder injection moulding (PIM) technology were studied. The pure binder based on polyethylene, ethylene and butyl acrylate block copolymer and paraffin, and its compounds with hard-metal carbide powder (up to 55 vol. %) were prepared by melt mixing at 180.C. The flow properties were investigated at the temperature range from 140.C to 200.C using capillary rheometer operating flow at a constant piston speed. The measure of temperature sensitivity of PIM compounds, activation energy of shear flow, decreases with powder loading and shear rate. The Arrhenius relation for these materials is only valid in the stable flow region. At the temperatures above 170.C the compounds filled with 45 vol. % carbide powder and higher exhibit an unstable flow of pressure oscillations type at the shear rates above 103 s-1. The onset of pressure oscillations is strongly affected by temperature. The relation between critical shear stress for the onset of pressure oscillations and temperature is non-linear.► Cite this publication as follows:
Honek T, Hausnerova B, Saha P: Temperature dependent flow properties of powder injection moulding compounds, Appl. Rheol. 12 (2002) 72.
K. Araki,T. Kitano, B. Hausnerova.Br> Rheological Properties of Carbon Fiber and Carbon Black Filled Liquid Crystalline Polymer Melts
Appl. Rheol. 11:4 (2001) 188-196 ►
The rheological properties of thermotropic liquid crystalline polymer (LCP) and its carbon fiber (CF) and carbon black (CB) filled composites in molten state were measured using a cone-plate rheometer. The measurements of the CF/LCP and CB/LCP melts were performed with carbon fiber contents of 5, 10 and 20 wt %, and carbon black contents of 1.5, 3, 5, 10 and 20 wt %. As expected, steady shear viscosity of the LCP, CF/LCP and CB/LCP melts in a low shear rate region (0.1 to 1 s-1) decreased with an increase of temperature and increased with rise of filler content. In shear rate region of 1 to 50 s-1, the LCP melt showed a unique viscosity behaviour with maximum and minimum values. The CF/LCP and CB/LCP melts showed disappearance of such a unique viscosity behaviour with an increase in the CF (CB) content and an increase of temperature. CB filler had a more pronounced effect on the disappearance of the unique viscosity behaviour in comparison with CF. Regarding apparent yield stress, the CF/LCP melts gave the same value as pure LCP, the CB/LCP melts showed an increase of yield with a rise of the filler content. In addition, the first normal stress difference of the LCP and CF/LCP melts are smaller than yield stress values, although the rate of increase with shear rate is higher in case of normal stress difference than in case of yield. The results of the dynamic shear oscillatory flow measurements of CF and CB based compounds at 300°C showed that both, the storage and loss moduli are more affected by carbon black filler. Complex viscosity values of the LCP and CF/LCP melts showed no such unique complex flow pattern as observed in the case of steady shear viscosity.► Cite this publication as follows:
Araki K, Kitano T, Hausnerova B: Rheological Properties of Carbon Fiber and Carbon Black Filled Liquid Crystalline Polymer Melts, Appl. Rheol. 11 (2001) 188.
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