Applied Rheology: Publications
Stephan Laske, Andreas Witschnigg, Hannelore Mattausch, Milan Kracalik, Gerald Pinter, Michael Feuchter, Guenther Maier, Clemens Holzer
Determining the ageing of polypropylene nanocomposites using rheological measurements

Appl. Rheol. 22:2 (2012) 24590 (9 pages)

Abstract: The principle of silicate layer reinforcement in a polymer matrix is known as the formation of a 3D network of single layers. Nevertheless there is still a lack of knowledge about the physical ageing of nanocomposites respectively the stability of this network over time. As most of the nanocomposite applications have a more or less long-term shelf life respectively storage time, the investigation of the storage-time dependent behavior of the layered 3D structure in a polymer matrix is of major interest. In this study, the rheological (shear and elongational) properties of different polypropylene nanocomposites were measured using a cone-plate rheometer and a Rheotens apparatus. To evaluate the structural stability over time, the samples were measured immediately after processing and after defined periods (18 and 36 months) stored under constant conditions. Furthermore the network structure was determined using XRD and TEM measurements. The results show, that, depending on the clay rate and especially the degree of exfoliation, the rheological properties are changing significantly. Thereby chain splitting caused by photo-oxidative degradation, leading to a loss in molecular weight, as well as a weakened 3D network by reverse diffusion of the polymer chains out of the clay gallery and/or reagglomeration of the nanoparticles are the two main factors. © 2012 Applied Rheology.

DOI 10.3933/ApplRheol-22-24590

-- full text PDF available for subscribers --

-- open access PDF extract available for non-subscribers --

You have no password-free access to Applied Rheology Online. If you are a subscriber, enter login details below. For password-free access, we need your IP address. Sample manuscripts for free download can be found here

download to disk (some browsers prefer this option)
login name

Purchase this article for 20 € ?

Forgotten your login details? Send an email with subject "AR login" to

Appl Rheol 22 (2012) issues:


© Applied Rheology 2018