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Naser Hamedi, Johan Revstedt, Eva Tornberg, Fredrik Innings
Application of CFD–based Correction Factors to Increase the Accuracy of Flow Curve Determination in a Couette Rheometer

Appl. Rheol. 26:3 (2016) 35341 (12 pages)

The measurement and the investigation of the errors in a Couette rheometer have been a topic of considerable interest in many rheometric studies. In the present study, a more accurate predictor-corrector method based on CFD and the analytical solution of the problem is described. Comparing to the previous CFD-based method, in addition to considering the effect of the end parts, the presented correction factors also take into account the effect of the wide gap into a single coefficient. The correction factors are computed for both Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids in wide and narrow gap rheometry. Results showed that the shear rate distribution across the gap is highly non-linear in non-Newtonian wide gap rheometry. Moreover, for very shear thinning fluid i.e. n < 0.4 in narrow gap rheometry, there is a need to apply correction factor to the calculated fluid properties. Comparing the presented CFD approach and the current approach, the correction factor can be enhanced up to 16% depending on the fluid behavior and the gap distance.

Cite this publication as follows:
Hamedi N, Revstedt J, Tornberg E, Innings F: Application of CFD–based Correction Factors to Increase the Accuracy of Flow Curve Determination in a Couette Rheometer, Appl. Rheol. 26 (2016) 35341.

S. O. Umerova, I. O. Dulina, A. V. Ragulya, T. E. Konstantinova, V. A. Glazunova
Rheology of plasticized screen printing pastes based on BaTiO3 nanopowder

Appl. Rheol. 26:3 (2016) 33274 (9 pages)

This paper represents the rheology of screen printing pastes based on BaTiO3 nanopowder. It is found that the pastes are shear thickened fluids with subsequent shear thinning under high shear rates. Different concentrations of plasticizer in organic binder lead to various conformations of ethyl cellulose molecules that influence the type of adsorption between polymer molecules and nanoparticles. The flow loop shows intervals of shear rate corresponding to rheopexy, pseudoplasticity and thixo - tropy. The appearance of rheopexy indicates that the added amount of plasticizer may be insufficient to bind the majority of free functional groups of the polymer and the remaining groups are bound with BaTiO3 nanoparticles forming a strong structural network. But in the case of pseudoplastic structures, the polymer molecule exists in the conformation where almost all free functional groups are bound with the nanoparticle surfaces. The pseudoplastic properties of the system are caused by the structural polymer-polymer links. SEM and optical profilometry of the obtained films shows that plasticization lead to the formation of thin (less than 1 μm) smooth (Ra is equal to the size of individual BaTiO3 nanoparticle) prints.

Cite this publication as follows:
Umerova SO, Dulina IO, Ragulya AV, Konstantinova TE, Glazunova VA: Rheology of plasticized screen printing pastes based on BaTiO3 nanopowder, Appl. Rheol. 26 (2016) 33274.

Paridokht Mahallati, Hojjat Mahi Hassanabadi, Manfred Wilhelm, Denis Rodrigue
Rheological characterization of thermoplastic elastomers (TPE) based on PP and recycled EPDM

Appl. Rheol. 26:3 (2016) 33503 (7 pages)

The rheological behavior of thermoplastic elastomers (TPE) based on 50/50 recycled ethylenepropylene-diene monomer (r-EPDM)/polypropylene (PP) was studied to determine the effect of feeding strategy when preparing these blends using twin-screw extrusion. In particular, small and large deformation characterizations have been performed to better understand the relationships between sample preparation and final properties of the blends. It was found that small changes in blend morphology (particle size and interfacial adhesion) are better distinguished in rheological properties (melt state) under large deformation (LAOS and step shear) compared to small deformation (SAOS).

Cite this publication as follows:
Mahallati P, MahiHassanabadi H, Wilhelm M, Rodrigue D: Rheological characterization of thermoplastic elastomers (TPE) based on PP and recycled EPDM, Appl. Rheol. 26 (2016) 33503.

Jingsi Zhang, Simon J Haward, Zhigen Wu, Xiaohu Dai, Wenquan Tao, Zhuo Li
Evolution of Rheological Characteristics of High-solid Municipal Sludge during Anaerobic Digestion

Appl. Rheol. 26:3 (2016) 32973 (10 pages)

Rheological characterization of high-solid sludge is a fundamental requirement for optimizing the mixing and transport of high-solid sludge during anaerobic digestion in waste water treatment systems. We investigate the time evolution of physicochemical properties and rheological characteristics of high-solid digested sludge with total solids (TS) 15−20 wt.% during anaerobic digestion. A series of experiments are carried out over a period of 26 days during the operation of an anaerobic sequencing batch reactor. In equilibrium flow curves, high-solid digested sludge exhibits shear thinning behavior with a yield stress. Strong viscoelastic behavior is exhibited in the linear and non-linear regimes in dynamic and creep tests. A critical shear stress is found in the equilibrium flow curve, which accounts for the viscoelastic property. To accurately model the flow curves, a piecewise Herschel-Bulkley function separated by the corresponding critical shear rate is proposed. The digestion time plays an important role in determining the rheological behavior. Longer digestion times lead to a decreased yield stress in creep tests, and a decreased viscosity and a reduced critical shear stress in the steady flow curve. In addition, the storage modulus G' and the loss modulus G'' are reduced as digestion proceeds, leading to a shorter linear viscoelastic regime. Moreover, we find that the storage modulus G' varies linearly with the concentration of total organic matter in the sludge, suggesting that G' could be used as a new control parameter for monitoring of the anaerobic digestion process.

Cite this publication as follows:
Zhang J, Haward SJ, Wu Z, Dai X, Tao W, Li Z: Evolution of Rheological Characteristics of High-solid Municipal Sludge during Anaerobic Digestion, Appl. Rheol. 26 (2016) 32973.


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