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Rachid Bouras, Mohend Chaouche, Salah Kaci
Influence of Viscosity-Modifying Admixtures on the Thixotropic Behaviour of Cement Pastes

Appl. Rheol. 18:4 (2008) 45604 (8 pages)

Water soluble polymers such as cellulosic or starch ethers are often included in the mix-design of Self Compacting Concretes (SCCs) in order to improve their stability and robustness. The stability, including resistance to liquid-solid separation and sedimentation, may be attributed to the increase of the viscosity of the liquid phase due to the thickening effect of the polymer. The later is then referred to as a Viscosity-Modifying Admixture (VMA). In the present study, we consider the influence of VMAs on the rheological properties of the material at cement scale level. In particular, the change in the thixotropic properties of the cement paste due to the inclusion of VMA is investigated. It is found that addition of VMA significantly enhances rebuild-up kinetics at rest following shearing at high shear rate. The influence of VMA on the steady state rheological properties is also considered. As reported in the literature, the yield stress is found to monotonically increase with VMA content, while the consistency presents a minimum indicating the existence of an optimum value of the VMA for which the workability of the cement paste is maximum.

Cite this publication as follows:
Bouras R, Chaouche M, Kaci S: Influence of Viscosity-Modifying Admixtures on the Thixotropic Behaviour of Cement Pastes, Appl. Rheol. 18 (2008) 45604.

Chung Fang, Cheng-Hsien Lee
Unsteady parallel flows of an elasto-visco-hypoplastic fluid with oscillating boundary

Appl. Rheol. 18:4 (2008) 45001 (11 pages)

In the present study, an evolution equation for the Cauchy stress tensor is proposed to take elastic, viscous and plastic characteristics of complex fluids simultaneously into account. In particular, hypoplasticity is incorporated to account for the plastic features. The stress model is applied to investigate time-dependent flows of an elasto- visco-plastic fluid driven by an oscillating boundary with/without an additional stationary boundary to study the cyclic responses and the model performance. Numerical simulations show that while different degrees of elastic and viscous effects can be captured by varying the model parameters, plastic deformation plays a significant role in the velocity distribution, and can be simulated appropriately by use of hypoplasticity. The stress model is capable of accounting for the combined elastic, viscous and plastic features of complex materials in transient motions, and applications may be found in geomorphic fluid motions like granular and debris flows, and flows involving polymers.

Cite this publication as follows:
Fang C, Lee C: Unsteady parallel flows of an elasto-visco-hypoplastic fluid with oscillating boundary, Appl. Rheol. 18 (2008) 45001.

Irina Masalova, Alexander Ya. Malkin, Reza Foudazi
Yield stress as measured in steady shearing and in oscillations

Appl. Rheol. 18:4 (2008) 44790 (8 pages)

The yield stresses of five samples (two highly concentrated emulsions, two Kaolin dispersions and mayonnaise) were determined in two ways. In one case, steady shear experiments were performed over a range of incrementally decreasing shear rates. The resulting flow curves, plotted as shear stress against shear rate, clearly showed the existence of a yield stress for each sample, the Herschel-Bulkley model being fitted to obtain values. In the second case, oscillatory amplitude sweeps were performed at three frequencies, and the .dynamic yield stress. was defined as the stress at which deviation from linearity occurred; this procedure has often been used to determine the yield stress of emulsions. It was found that the dynamic yield stress is frequency dependent, and cannot therefore be thought of as physically meaningful material property. At no frequency did the dynamic yield stress correlate with the yield stress obtained from the flow curves.

Cite this publication as follows:
Masalova I, Malkin AY, Foudazi R: Yield stress as measured in steady shearing and in oscillations, Appl. Rheol. 18 (2008) 44790.

Blaise Nsom, Blaise Ravelo, Wilfried Ndong
Flow regimes in viscous horizontal dam-break flow of clayous mud

Appl. Rheol. 18:4 (2008) 43577 (8 pages)

The main characteristics of geological flows such as debris flows, avalanches and lahars is due to the relative importance of viscous versus inertial forces in the momentum balance.This paper considers the motion generated by the collapse of a damretaining mud, itself modeled as a power-law fluid. The equation of motion is derived in a non-dimensional form and solved analytically with the shallow-water assumption in a dry and smooth horizontal channel. Notably indicated are flow regimes and the effect of the reservoir length as well as the effect of mud rheology on flow development. Then, a parametric study of this model is produced and the effect of mud shear-thinning on flow development is pointed out.

Cite this publication as follows:
Nsom B, Ravelo B, Ndong W: Flow regimes in viscous horizontal dam-break flow of clayous mud, Appl. Rheol. 18 (2008) 43577.

Delegates of the national rheological societies
Society's Site Sep 2008 - Feb 2009

Appl. Rheol. 18:4 (2008) 258-254

Cite this publication as follows:
Rheological Societies: Society's Site Sep 2008 - Feb 2009, Appl. Rheol. 18 (2008) 258.

Janos Kovacs
Eurofillers 2007

Appl. Rheol. 18:4 (2008) 250-251

Cite this publication as follows:
Kovacs J: Eurofillers 2007, Appl. Rheol. 18 (2008) 250.

Ulrich A. Handge
Symposium Rheology, Structure and Dynamics of Complex Fluids

Appl. Rheol. 18:4 (2008) 249-250

Cite this publication as follows:
Handge UA: Symposium Rheology, Structure and Dynamics of Complex Fluids, Appl. Rheol. 18 (2008) 249.


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