Applied Rheology: Publications

Appl Rheol online available publications for selected issue

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Nadia Antonova
2nd Eurosummer School on Biorheology & Symposium on Micro Mechanobiology of Cells, Tissues and Systems

Appl. Rheol. 17:3 (2007) 167-168

Cite this publication as follows:
Antonova N: 2nd Eurosummer School on Biorheology & Symposium on Micro Mechanobiology of Cells, Tissues and Systems, Appl. Rheol. 17 (2007) 167.

Charles Radin
The 96th statistical mechanics conference

Appl. Rheol. 17:3 (2007) 166-166

Cite this publication as follows:
Radin C: The 96th statistical mechanics conference, Appl. Rheol. 17 (2007) 166.

Reinhard Miller, Michael Schaffler
User Seminar of 2D and 3D Rheology of Fluid Systems

Appl. Rheol. 17:3 (2007) 164-165

Cite this publication as follows:
Miller R, Schaffler M: User Seminar of 2D and 3D Rheology of Fluid Systems, Appl. Rheol. 17 (2007) 164.

Peter Fischer
Surface chemistry of solid and liquid interfaces (H. Yildirim Erbil)

Appl. Rheol. 17:3 (2007) 129

Cite this publication as follows:
Fischer P: Surface chemistry of solid and liquid interfaces (H. Yildirim Erbil), Appl. Rheol. 17 (2007) 129.

Cedric Degouet, Blaise Nsom, Eric Lolive, Andre Grohens
Characterization of wood granules, soya, colza and rye seeds

Appl. Rheol. 17:3 (2007) 36546 (11 pages)

This paper presents a characterization of the following dry granular materials: soya, colza and rye seeds. The physical properties of the grains and the materials are useful for characterizing the materialsÂ’ behaviour during flow, while the external conditions (consolidation) determine storage and handling conditions. The physical properties of the grains (specific densities) and of the materials as a whole (compacity or porosity, and critical angles) were measured. The flow functions were determined by modified shear box testing. Then the internal friction angles and the flowability index for each granular material were obtained. Indeed, the behaviour of a flowing granular material results from these two groups of factors and is characterized by the flowability, which is the ratio of highest consolidation stress and unconfined yield strength. In practice, the flowability index is used to classify materials, so that the larger the flowability index, the smaller the bulk solids strength will be in relation to the consolidation stress, and therefore the higher the flowability of the bulk solid.

Cite this publication as follows:
Degouet C, Nsom B, Lolive E, Grohens A: Characterization of wood granules, soya, colza and rye seeds, Appl. Rheol. 17 (2007) 36546.

David C. Venerus
Free Surface Effects on Normal Stress Measurements in Cone and Plate Flow

Appl. Rheol. 17:3 (2007) 36494 (6 pages)

The effects of free surface shape on normal stress difference measurements in cone and plate flow are investigated. The analysis shows that the stress field is significantly altered by deviations of the free surface from an ideal (spherical) shape. For the cone and partitioned plate technique, it is shown how modest deviation from a spherical free surface shape can lead to errors of roughly 10% in the measured normal stress differences.

Cite this publication as follows:
Venerus DC: Free Surface Effects on Normal Stress Measurements in Cone and Plate Flow, Appl. Rheol. 17 (2007) 36494.

Mustapha M. Ould Eleya, Sundaram Gunasekaran
Rheology of fluid foods for dysphagic patients

Appl. Rheol. 17:3 (2007) 33137 (9 pages)

Pre-thickened beverages and barium sulfate suspensions are used in the treatment and diagnosis of dysphagia. These liquids are labeled nectar consistency (NC), honey consistency (HC) etc.These labels are rather misleading and do not represent the actual rheological character of the liquids.We carefully investigated the rheology of these liquids to assist both in their formulation and use for dysphagic patients. Steady state flow properties, thixotropy, dynamic response, and creep recovery behavior were investigated for six beverages and two barium sulfate suspensions. All samples exhibited a shear-thinning behavior. The flow curves of all samples followed both Herschel-Bulkley and Casson models. HC barium sulfate suspension exhibited higher yield stress, σ0, and higher storage modulus, G', than their fluid food counterparts. In contrast, NC barium sulfate suspension had lower σ0, and G' than some of the liquid food counterparts. Frequency spectra of NC samples were similar to that of a macromolecular solution with both G' and loss modulus, G'', increasing with frequency; whereas those of HC samples were similar to that of a gel with a little dependency of G' and G'' over frequency. Stress sweep experiments showed that the linear viscoelastic region of fluid foods and barium sulfate suspensions extended up to 1 and 10 Pa, respectively. Thus, significant differences exist in the rheological properties of both pre-thickened and videofluoroscopy fluids currently used for diagnosis and treatment of dysphagia.

Cite this publication as follows:
OuldEleya MM, Gunasekaran S: Rheology of fluid foods for dysphagic patients, Appl. Rheol. 17 (2007) 33137.

Chrystel Loret, William J. Frith, Peter J. Fryer
Mechanical and structural properties of maltodextrin/agarose microgels composites

Appl. Rheol. 17:3 (2007) 31412 (19 pages)

We present results from a new approach to the study of multicomponent gels, which allows independent investigation of the effect of phase volume and droplet size of the dispersed phase on the mechanical properties of the mixed gel composites. The method involves preparation of agarose microgels with different sizes, which are then embedded in maltodextrin gel matrices with different gel strengths. The effects of both phase volume and droplet size on composite properties are dependent on the phase modulus ratio. The higher the phase modulus ratio, the larger is the reinforcement effect and the effect of droplet size on mechanical properties of the maltodextrin/agarose composites. The observed behaviour was compared with literature models for the behaviour of composite materials.

Cite this publication as follows:
Loret C, Frith WJ, Fryer PJ: Mechanical and structural properties of maltodextrin/agarose microgels composites, Appl. Rheol. 17 (2007) 31412.


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