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T.N. Nguyen, K. Geiger, H.-G. Fritz
Rheological properties and shear induced texture development of thermotopic liquid crystalline polymer melts

Appl. Rheol. 12:3 (2002) 142-150

The flow behavior of two commercial liquid crystalline polymers (LCPs), trade name Vectra B 950 and Vectra L 950 supplied by Ticona, was investigated using a capillary rheometer with a special double slit die. The pressure drops in convergent and divergent wedge passage between the two slit sections, which are influenced by the curvature strains in nematic melts, were determined and compared with the pressure drops of a conventional polystyrene (PS) with flexible polymer chains. Furthermore the extensional viscositiy was determined from the pressure drop in convergent wedge passage. The development of the shear induced texture as a function of shear rate was investigated by use of a rapidly coolable double slit die with the same gap design as the double slit die used for viscosity measurement. The structural analysis was performed using polarized light microscopy.

Cite this publication as follows:
Nguyen TN, Geiger K, Fritz H-G: Rheological properties and shear induced texture development of thermotopic liquid crystalline polymer melts, Appl. Rheol. 12 (2002) 142.

J.-C. Baudez, F. Chabot, P. Coussot
Rheological Interpretation of the Slump test

Appl. Rheol. 12:3 (2002) 133-141

We examine the validity of the slump test for predicting the yield stress of polymeric suspensions and mineral suspensions. First we propose a modification of this test: in order to make measurements on fluids with high yield stress (of the order of several hundreds of Pascal) we add a mass at the sample top. From detailed observations of the slump in time we show that, for polymeric suspensions (hair gel and sewage sludges), two critical stresses can be distinguished which almost exactly correspond to the two critical stresses (respectively corresponding to a regime change and to the asymptotic slump) observed in rheometry during creep tests. Thus the slump test appears as a practiceful and relevant means to determine the intrinsic properties of these fluids. For mineral suspensions it is shown that the flow abruptly stops after a short time, a behaviour in agreement with the results of rheometrical tests carried out by progressively decreasing the applied stress. In that case the slump also appears to significantly depend on the procedure and cannot be related to a single property of the material.

Cite this publication as follows:
Baudez J-C, Chabot F, Coussot P: Rheological Interpretation of the Slump test, Appl. Rheol. 12 (2002) 133.

M.Zatloukal, J. Vlcek, A. Slanik, A. Lengalova, J. Simonik
Experimental and numerical investigation into metallocene polymer melt flow in film blowing dies

Appl. Rheol. 12:3 (2002) 126-132

A frequent problem in the production of metallocene linear low-density polyethylene (mLLDPE) films is the occurrence of flow instabilities, e.g. sharkskin, or degradation of material, which limit the production rate and decrease the product quality. If such problems arise, the question is what causes these phenomena and how they can be avoided. With the aim of understanding these problems and providing some guidelines for their suppression, rheological measurements together with modelling of these melt flows are often employed. In the present study, flow behaviour of two commercially available mLLDPEs was determined and used for the process simulation. The paper shows that the capillary-rheology data together with 2D finite element method can be used for the prediction of sharkskin phenomenon as well as degradation of mLLDPE melts in film blowing dies. It also reveals that the degradation of the materials in these dies can be quantified through wall shear stress. Finally, the paper describes how these findings can help optimize the flow channel in the film blowing die to avoid the undesirable flow phenomena.

Cite this publication as follows:
Zatloukal M, Vlcek J, Slanik A, Lengalova A, Simonik J: Experimental and numerical investigation into metallocene polymer melt flow in film blowing dies, Appl. Rheol. 12 (2002) 126.

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